The concept of understanding is related to the verb understand , which refers to understanding, justifying or containing something. Understanding, therefore, is the ability or cunning to achieve an understanding of things.
For example: "Students have serious problems in understanding texts", "I am learning German, but I still find it difficult to understand some concepts", "Without understanding the rules, you can never play this sport".
Understanding is, on the other hand, the tolerance or patience Faced with a certain situation. Comprehensive people, in this way, manage to justify or understand as natural the actions or emotions of others: "I understand you are afraid, but you have to talk to her", "If you want to talk to me, you already know that you will have my understanding".
It is known as reading comprehension to the development of meanings by acquiring the most important ideas of a text and the possibility of establishing links between them and other previously acquired ideas.
It is possible to understand a text of literal way (focusing on those data explicitly stated), critical (with judgments based on the values of the text) or inferential (reading and understanding between the lines), among others.
The factors that influence reading comprehension are: the reader, the reading itself, the knowledge that the person has in advance and the ways he uses to perform this action.
It should be noted that one of the reasons that relates to school dropout is the student disability to understand what they read and possibly this is the responsibility of the education system , where it is taught to read but not to understand what is read.
The reason why many children have no interest in reading It is because they do not know how to understand, and that frustrates and bores them. If they received more enjoyable readings at school or had more to do with their daily lives, surely there would be many more young people who would approach reading and become passionate.
Inside of education , the teaching of reading and writing is very important, because thanks to them it is that all other knowledge can be acquired. When it comes to setting out the objectives of reading comprehension in education, it should be sought that students learn to use certain strategies that could help them discern between different texts and achieve a learning efficient.
It should be noted that the hermeneutics (from Greek hermeneutiké) is the discipline dedicated to the study of the interpretation of texts, determining the precise meaning of the terms that have been used to convey ideas.
The understanding in communication
The oral comprehension it requires the exchange between information sources and the use made of it. In other words, knowledge of the language and the world can help us understand the communication process and know what information of which we receive is relevant and which is not.
On the way in which the mind uses its knowledge to discern what is presented to it from the outside through the communication , there are many theories. However, of all that has been expressed in this regard we can highlight two quite important points: the model of bottom up (The mind has only one way to process the information: identifying the sounds, performing a superficial analysis on them and then a semantic and structural one to understand their real meaning within the communication context in which they are) known as bottom-up, and the kind of up and down (The mind uses the elements of its environment to perform a particular analysis in each communication process. In other words, the individual faces the statement globally and then breaks down the units to understand its true meaning) also called top-down .
However, there are other elements that intervene in oral comprehension, such as Spoken language , which is encoded in different sounds, it occurs at a certain time and cannot be repeated, and is absolutely different from language written.
For understand the messages The brain performs a certain amount of functions. First distinguish from the message what can be useful from the rest, being able to separate between noise and words, for example. Then decode the acoustic aspects and manages to get the meaning of the message clean. Only then can we talk about understanding , knowing the meaning of words is not enough to understand what you are talking about.
When it comes to reading, understanding is a very complex and ambiguous process.
Finally, we can point out that, in the logic , the understanding is all the notes that form a concept . In this way, the concept "man" is understood by the notes "animal" and "rational". For ethics, it is the fundamental virtue of understanding and accepting the facts from reasoning. Finally, in psychology the concept of understanding is linked to the person's ability to analyze their history and understand every aspect of it.