A community is a set of people gathered for the same purpose . Its about social group to which a subject belongs by sharing some characteristic or objective. For example: “The Spanish community in Argentina has several clubs and restaurants”, “A member of the Mexican community was killed by a skate in the United States”, "Tomorrow will be the party of the communities in the town square".
The most common use of the concept is linked to the group of people born in the same country but residing in a foreign nation. Some immigrants meet with their countrymen to maintain their customs, remember their land and fight for their rights.
The collectives usually meet in clubs to develop typical activities of their native countries. These clubs also generally have restaurants They offer traditional meals. In this way, not only the members of the community can feel closer to their land, but the rest of the society You can meet other flavors.
It can be said that the collectivities have diverse civil associations that arise from their own actions, while other institutions correspond to the State and are under the orbit of the government (like the embassies or the consulates ).
It is important to note that the communities can also correspond to a religion and not a country , as is the case with the Jewish collective : "The Jewish community made public its repudiation of the recent attacks that took place in the Middle East", “I have many friends from the Jewish community”.
About the Jewish community
The Jewish community is an ethnic group that descends from the ancient Israelites and the Hebrews, and their religion is linked to their ethnicity, as well as their customs and their language. As a people, Jews have been victims of innumerable persecutions in various parts of the world, which has led to significant changes in their population. Currently, it is estimated that they reach an average of 13.5 million people, and that a large part of them live in Israel and the United States.
It is worth mentioning that the terms Jew and Judaism they were used almost without distinction until the end of the 18th century, when the appearance of the Haskalá, a movement also known as Jewish illuminism which took place on the European continent, deeply marked the mentality of the Jewish people, getting many to maintain their attachment for their roots but not feel identified with the tradition religious.
When the word is pronounced JewThere are three well-defined groups that can identify with it: Jewish people by ethnicity; the practitioners of Judaism; who feel identified with this people because of their history and his culture. According to Jewish law (hahaha), an individual can be considered Jewish when his mother is also a Jew, or after having converted by formal means, which implies the participation of certain religious authorities.
There are other points of view apart from the orthodox, which admit within Judaism any person born of a Jewish father or mother; these are definitions belonging to the currents Liberals and reformists. Similarly, for humanists, anyone who feels Jewish is, regardless of their ancestry and without the need to formally convert.
A particular characteristic of the Jewish community is the large number of people of international prestige and fame that it has given throughout history. Some examples are: Gustav Mahler, great romantic composer and director born in the current Czech Republic at the end of the 19th century; Sigmund Freud, Austrian psychiatrist known worldwide as the founder of psychoanalysis; Albert Einstein, German physicist born in the year 1879, developer of the theory of relativity and responsible for a legacy that is still taken as a reference, several decades after his death.