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The concept of Map comes from the Latin term mappa. It's about a drawing or scheme which represents a certain strip of a territory on a given surface of two dimensions.

For example: "Tomorrow I have to carry a map of Europe with its political division", "Look for the map that I think we are lost", "I never go on a trip without a map".

Since maps are developed with metric properties, they help measure surfaces and distances with great accuracy. A map, therefore, provides useful data for the development of different activities.

The maps even allow a person It is located in a territory. In this way, a man who first arrives at Madrid You can have a map with the streets and places of interest of the Spanish capital to not get lost.

The discipline that deals with the mapping of geographical maps is known as mapping . In ancient times, such paths were developed over the earth, while satellite technologies are now used.

Historians believe that Thales of Miletus He was responsible for the creation of the first cartographic representation of planet Earth. Aristotle , on the other hand, pioneered the calculation of the angular inclination of the Earth with respect to Ecuador .

Cartographers often appeal to symbols and colors to provide as much information as possible clearly. The amount of data, however, is determined by the scale chosen at the time of representation: as the space destined to represent a region becomes larger, the data flow will also be wider.

However, we cannot ignore the fact that there is a great variety of types of maps according to what they show us and according to the objective they seek to fulfill. Thus, in addition to those mentioned, it is also common that in our day to day we make use of the so-called weather maps.

These are documents that represent meteorological phenomena, fronts and pressure that will exist over a period of time in a specific area of ​​the world. In this way, we can inform ourselves of the temperatures and weather conditions that are going to take place in our city through, for example, the weather maps that appear on the news.

Nor can we forget another kind of maps that are used in the educational field by the teacher in question with the sole purpose of ensuring that their students can learn in a clearer and simpler way any subject that is being addressed in class.

In this sense, we should talk about the so-called concept maps that are a kind of summary, of union of concepts, that allow students to understand much better and schematically what is being taught. In the same way, you can also quote the didactic maps that also have a clear pedagogical and instructive mission.

Within this same line would be the historical maps that are those that are used to publicize a series of events and historical events of great relevance.

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