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The science dedicated to the analysis of oceans receives the name of oceanography . Its experts investigate the various phenomena that occur underwater and work with the various organisms that inhabit the sea .

Oceanography is part of the group known as geosciences , which encompasses those natural sciences focused on various studies of the land . In this specific case, its object of study is in the ocean. Its etymological origin, in fact, is linked to the description of the oceans.

It is possible to distinguish between various branches within this science. The physical oceanography It takes care of the physical phenomena that take place in the ocean, such as waves and currents.

The chemical oceanography , for its part, is focused on the analysis of the aquatic composition from the chemical point of view. One of his interests is the presence of polluting substances in the seas.

The geological oceanography Instead, it investigates the geological development that affects the formation of the sea and the coast. The biological oceanography Finally, he conducts research on living beings that live in the ocean.

The legacy of Cousteau for Oceanography

Among the world's most famous oceanography experts is Jacques-Yves Cousteau (1910 -1997 ), a researcher who became very popular as a pioneer in underwater filming and photography. This oceanographer knew how to become a recognized documentary filmmaker throughout the world and a fervent activist for the defense of the nature Marine. Cousteau He allowed mankind to increase his knowledge about everything that happens underwater.

Costeau was an explorer and because of his great passion for the marine world He was working to get a way down to the ocean and stay a long time underwater. This is how he managed to manufacture the oxygen regulator that is still used in autonomous diving.

In addition, Costeau not only liked to see but also immortalize; such is so he was one of the first to shoot underwater movies . His famous underwater strips, taken during his explorations on the ship he had called Calypso They are extremely popular and have been televised in many countries around the world. Thanks to them, Jacques-Yves Cousteau was recognized throughout the globe for his passion and dedication to the exploration of the marine universe.

Given that passion, it was also a great activist for preserving the purity of the oceans . He defended the marine environment by giving talks and trying to raise awareness in the world about environmental issues. Possibly one of the first activists aware that our role in life is fundamental, not because of what we have come to do but because of what we have done, and continue to do, not worrying about the future of nature.

When in 1960 they were going to eliminate a lot of radioactive waste At sea, Cousteau conducted a campaign to avoid it, gaining high support from the people. And that was only the beginning of a long and intense struggle for environmental rights. Subsequently, together with his children, he would create the Cousteau Society, which is responsible for working for the protection of life in the ocean.

Thanks to all the work of Costeau for exploring the marine world and knowing the life of other species, today we know a lot of what is hidden under the waters. Many films and strips have been made in tribute to the work of this passionate marine world and his own films continue to be admired and enjoyed all over the planet by adults and children.

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