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Warning is the action and effect of warning (call attention to something, advise, prevent). When someone tries to give a warning to another person , aims to notify you about something in particular. For example: "It's not a threat, it's a warning: if you hurt my daughter, you'll see them with me", "Luckily I heard the warning of my friends and I did not accept his proposal", “If you want to work in this company for many years, you should pay attention to my warnings”.

The warning is also the poster or brief writing that warns the public . It is a signal that warns about the imminent or real existence of a threat , a risk or a danger . The warnings also indicate to your receiver that a certain action of yours may be risky or be punished.

Many traffic signs can be considered as warnings. If the signal indicates that the maximum speed allowed is 80 kilometers per hour, the cartel is warning that whoever exceeds that speed will be fined. In a similar sense, the contraband sign warns that it is not possible to move in a certain direction; if it does, the driver will incur an infraction.

When browsing through Internet , users encounter different warnings that indicate risky web pages, files infected with virus or contents not suitable for minors.

Disks, movies and magazines, among other works, display warnings about the type of content (suitable for all ages, prohibited for children under 18, etc.).

Miranda warning

It is called Miranda Warning or Miranda Rights to notice that he must receive every accused American who is taken to testify regarding the execution of a crime of which he is considered a suspect. Is about remind you that you have the constitutional right not to say a word and to require the assistance of a lawyer during the interrogation.

The data that the police can demand from a detainee are his name, his address and his date of birth. Any confession issued during the detention has no validity in a trial, unless you have been aware of your rights before making it and have ensured that you understand the Miranda Warning.

The origin of this concept dates from 1963, when a man named Ernesto Arturo Miranda was arrested for kidnapping and rape. The history says that Miranda confessed to her crime without receiving any warning about the rights guaranteed by her Constitution, and that the prosecutor used only that confession to secure her sentence.

Three years later, the Supreme Court overturned the sentence, based on the theory that Miranda's statement had been a consequence of the intimidation during the interrogation. Therefore, the criminal was subjected to a second trial, for which the prosecution had to gather evidence of legal validity, and have the presence of witnesses to support the accusation. Finally, Miranda was sentenced to 11 years in prison.

Some time later, the rapist was stabbed in the middle of a violent confrontation; His murderer received the relevant reading of the Miranda Rights, which he relied on not to offer a statement without the presence of a lawyer.

The ruling issued by the Supreme Court indicates that every individual in custody must be warned about their right to remain silent and, very importantly, to know that any statement you make during your detention can be used against you when the time comes for trial. Similarly, they must indicate that if they do not have the financial means to hire a lawyer, the State has the obligation to bear the necessary expenses for their defense.

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