To understand the meaning of the term profane , it is very useful to check your history etymological The concept derives from a Latin notion that can be translated as "In front of the temple" . The profane, therefore, is that which is not within the temple: that is, that not part of the sacred or of what religious .
What results is profane as profane disrespectful for one religion . For example: “In his youth he was a profane man: that's why it's interesting to see him become a priest”, "His profane books earned him the condemnation of ecclesiastics", “I will never support a profane movement in a city of deep Catholic faith like ours”.
The profane is also the mundane or what material , away from spirituality and high issues: “I would like to go to church more often, but I have profane problems to attend to”, "I believe in God, but I could not be a priest: I am more helpful in addressing the needs of the profane world".
It is known as desecration to the violation of religious or sacred symbols . Profane graves it is one of the most frequent profane acts, even when it is somewhat macabre for most of the people : "The police investigate the desecration of a Jewish cemetery in the north of the city".
In a symbolic sense, it is often said that someone profane is who has no knowledge over a theme or subject: "I am profane in these matters, that's why I consulted with a lawyer", “I cannot give you more details because I am profane in this discipline”.
It is called profane music to one that does not deal with issues of religious interest but focuses on those issues that attract the people. From another perspective, it is correct to say that it is the opposite of sacred music, which was created to exalt the symbols of religion, such as parties or messages from its main representatives, or to God himself.
About the end of the ninth century, shortly after the appearance of Gregorian music, the so-called medieval profane music was born (or from the middle ages), almost contemporaneously with polyphony (a kind of musical texture that consists of executing more than one melodic voice at the same time). It is important to note that at that time the music did not suffer from a regional division, as it had happened before, but was classified according to various aspects related to their gender.
The main objective of profane music was to entertain village with its touching and happening stories, which dealt with topics as daily as love or as intense as betrayal. It was in his bosom that arose minstrel figure , an artist who traveled from one town to another and offered an outdoor show in exchange for food or money, and who also used to be hired by the nobility to entertain banquet and royal party guests. Given the issues played by the minstrel in his presentations and the character of his performance, it is also related to the birth of the medieval profane theater.
Profane music is divided into popular and cultured. With respect to their instruments , highlighted the use of strings, tambourines and flutes; the use of bagpipes was less common and, even less, of the sung voice, since the most normal was to recite rhymes about the background music. The areas in which it used to be interpreted were the holidays and the Court , in terms of public exposure, but also in the privacy of the home, accompanied by lute, harpsichord or vihuela.
The best known vocal form of profane music is the Opera , while the instrumental finds its representation in chamber music and the suite. In the field of academic music, the term profane music is often used to describe any work that is not religious.