Jump It is the consequence of skip : a movement that a person carries out to peel off the ground surface and thus save a certain distance or access what would otherwise be inaccessible. Long , on the other hand, is something that has a considerable length.
He long jump , also know as long jump , is the denomination of a discipline that is part of the Athletics . The competition consists of making a jump after a short run to cover the greatest possible distance horizontally.
The athlete, in this way, has a specific area to perform the race that allows him to gain momentum and make his jump. There is a line that marks the career limit : yes the person step on that line, your long jump will be invalidated.
When the athlete makes his jump, he falls into a kind of pool of wet sand . The brand The more delayed you leave on the sand will be considered as the distance covered with your jump (which begins to be measured from the aforementioned limit to end the race and start the jump).
In the long jump tests, each competitor performs three jumps per round . Each competitor's best jump is considered to determine who qualifies for the next round and then who wins the test.
The men's long jump world record is held by the American Mike Powell who in 1991 got a jump distance from 8.95 meters . The best female brand, meanwhile, belongs to the Russian Galina Chistyakova : jump 7.52 meters in 1988 .
Long jump technique
The requirements for a successful and successful long jump are several: speed, leg strength, flexibility, technique and coordination. It is a discipline that is mastered after years of training and dedication. The three phases into which it is divided are described below.
In this phase, the length of the race ranges from 16 to 20 meters, or 50 for professional level athletes.
The objective in this phase is to achieve impulse higher vertical without losing speed. To achieve this, it is necessary that the penultimate step is longer than the previous ones and the last one, slightly less extensive. In this way it becomes easier to push yourself up from the center of gravity without the speed decreasing considerably.
It is also known as flight phase, and is divided into three possible techniques which point to the adoption of a stable and balanced final position:
* natural technique : It is especially useful for short jumps and for people with little experience. Its execution is not complex, since it is enough to join the free leg to the whisk in the middle of the suspension to perform the translation in said position (which resembles the one we have when we are sitting). With this technique it is not very possible to make good jumps;
* technical extension : must be flex the back towards the front while the legs are stretched, keeping in position so that the legs do not descend during the fall. Compared to the natural technique, it is preferable and can offer an extra half meter if done correctly,
* scissors technique : also called on the way, and consists of continuously closing the legs, as if he were walking quickly in the air. According to the amount of "steps" that you perform while suspended, the jump receives a different name, such as "2 and a half", "3 and a half", and so on. To do the means, medium, the person should bring the free leg forward, having picked it up and flexed beforehand, and then extend it halfway to the same height as the other. The arms play a key role in maintaining the Balance during this movement, rotating horizontally at shoulder level.