The osteoarthritis is a pathological, degenerative and non-inflammatory joint disorder . When the deformations it produces are very evident, we talk about deforming osteoarthritis .
Wear of cartilage It is the cause of osteoarthritis. When this tissue protects the ends of the bones and facilitates the movement of the joint is worn out, osteoarthritis begins to develop, which especially affects the elderly.
In the women, osteoarthritis usually appears on the hands and knees, while on the mens The most frequent osteoarthritis occurs in the hip. In addition to age, other factors that affect the onset of osteoarthritis are the obesity and the type of occupation .
Typically, osteoarthritis develops gradually. At first you suffer pain in the joints after playing sports or doing physical exercises and, over time, such pain becomes more usual.
Osteoarthritis can not only cause swelling and pain, but also lead to the growth of spurs in the joint and the breakage of bones and cartilage.
The doctors They argue that it is impossible to stop or cure osteoarthritis. The treatments, therefore, aim to relieve pain and minimize the discomfort caused by the pathology through the supply of analgesics and anti-inflammatories, or by indicating the use of knee pads, canes and other items.
The medicines In any case, they cannot be supplied in large doses since, when ingested frequently, they can cause damage to the digestive system or worsen existing symptoms.
Tips for living with osteoarthritis
While there is no way to definitely combat osteoarthritis, it is possible to use a series of tips and recommendations to minimize pain. In the first place, it is very important to keep fit, so as not to require the joints more than they are prepared to support (this is especially necessary when the discomfort is focused on the hips, the spine or knees).
On the other hand, it is highly recommended to perform exercise aerobic often to promote better joint performance and prevent the affected muscles from atrophying in the absence of activity; it can be hiking, swimming or homemade routines, among other possibilities, provided that they are not performed in excess and that the breaks are respected.
When osteoarthritis attacks the joints of the hands, doctors often advise to minimize the time devoted to manual activities, given that the constant repetition of a movement It is harmful for this condition. Some splints (flexible splints generally used to treat fractures) help to relieve the weight that the joints must support, although they must also be complemented with certain exercises that favor their mobility and strengthen the muscles.
Hot water baths are especially beneficial in the morning, since the inactivity of sleeping during the night numbs the joints and accentuates the pain. The application of hot In areas affected by osteoarthritis it is also useful for promoting relaxation and, like cold, it helps tone muscles. Low temperatures, on the other hand, are more useful for reducing inflammations.
The supplements Nutrients such as chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine sulfate, which are obtained in pharmacies, delay the onset of osteoarthritis, although its use must be prescribed by a doctor, since not in all cases it is convenient.
Last but not least, you should avoid lifting excessive weights whenever possible, standing for long periods of time and walking on uneven floors. In addition, the quality of footwear is essential to improve the position.