The canonization is the act and the result of canonizing . This verb, in turn, comes from the word of late Latin canonizāre and refers to naming, solemnly, an individual as holy .
This means that canonization is the process that makes a human being already deceased become a saint. This process is developed by the Catholic Church and it implies the inclusion of the subject in question in the canon, which is the list of saints recognized by this religious institution.
When a person is canonized, he can be rendered worship in a public and universal way. The canonization implies the assignment of a liturgical holiday to the saint in question, to whom images, chapels and churches can be dedicated. It should be noted that Catholics believe in the saint's ability to intercede before God .
The canonization as a formal process began to develop in the Middle Ages . For an individual to be canonized, it must first be confirmed that he has demonstrated the Christian virtues in a heroic grade or who has experienced a martyrdom by your faith You also have to confirm that you have performed one (if it was a martyr) or two miracles (the canonization by heroic means).
To apply for a candidate The canonization must have been five years since his death. The intention of such an individual to be elevated to holiness must be presented and made public, and as part of this process it is necessary to carry out an investigation to obtain a series of testimonies and biographical data.
After the application a series of steps begins as the process progresses: the individual is declared God's servant then person venerable , later blessed and finally, through a solemn declaration of Pope holy
Let's look at these previous steps in more detail below.
The canonization process is requested by the Cause Postulator and the diocesan Bishop, who must, in turn, submit a report with the aforementioned biographical data to the Holy See to record the virtues of the candidate.
Through the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, the Holy See must examine the information and, in case of accepting the request, decree that it is possible to begin the cause (the name of this Decree is Nihil obstat).
The road to canonization is long and complex, and in this particular step it is necessary to overcome five well-defined phases. It all starts when the testimonials of those who have known the candidate arrive at the Court that the Bishop specifically designs, which carries out a process but does not issue any sentence. Then there is the Process of the writings, to analyze the orthodoxy of the works written by the postulate, under the supervision of a commission of censors.
The third phase consists in the elaboration of the "Positive", a document that includes these writings, the virtues and the fundamental data of the person's life, in addition to the testimonies presented. In the next phase a Commission of Theologians is created that examines the document called "Positio", and finally the Holy Father gives his decree .
As mentioned above, before making a person a saint, he must be named Blessed. For this, it is also necessary to overcome several stages, such as its presentation to the community, so that they know and admire it, both for their intercession before God and for the realization of a miracle, which must be examined in a pertinent way. Already when the existence of a second miracle is proposed, the Church begins to consider the canonization of the Blessed, which in the best cases concludes with a ceremony .