Establishing the etymological origin of the corticosteroid term that we are currently dealing with means that it is found in Latin. More precisely we can specify that, specifically, it comes from the Latin word cortex which can be defined as "crust".
The concept of corticosteroid it is used in the field of biology to identify the steroid type hormones that occur in the adrenal glands (more precisely in its cortex) and its derivatives.
These hormones, which belong to all the steroids They can be synthesized artificially and have multiple therapeutic applications, since they favor protein catabolism, help regulate or treat inflammations, benefit carbohydrate metabolism and contribute to strengthening the immune system.
Corticosteroids are produced naturally by the body of the human being . These substances operate physiologically to attenuate the body's responses to inflammatory processes, control situations of stress , inhibit phagocytosis and other issues.
He supply of corticosteroid drugs , therefore, it can generate complications since the exogenous application can interfere with endogenous production. That is why a doctor should be responsible for administering treatments with corticosteroids that do not have a harmful effect on the body.
It is essential, therefore, that a professional analyze the possible risks and benefits of the exogenous supply of corticosteroids. For example: if corticosteroids are used to treat viral infections for a long time, the virus It can develop faster.
Corticosteroids, also called corticosteroids, when used as a treatment can lead, in certain cases, to a series of serious health consequences such as, for example, the occurrence of what is known as Cushing's syndrome. This is defined as a pathology that is identified because it arises as a result of the notable increase in the hormone cortisol.
Among the symptoms that indicate that a patient suffers from this disease are hypertension, impotence, amenorrhea in the case of women, back or head aches, obesity, muscle weakness, irritability or what is known as the moon face. This translates into having a round and red face.
However, intake during a given period of corticosteroids can also lead to the onset of Addison's disease that results in adrenal insufficiency. Change in skin coloration, weakness, intestinal irritability or a hypokinetic heart activity are the main symptoms of the mentioned pathology.
It should be noted that the corticosteroid drug It can also generate side effects, such as problems in the storage of calcium in the bones, accumulation of body fat, gastritis and skin damage.
And all this without forgetting the appearance of stretch marks or the so-called telangiectasias, also called spider veins, which are injuries that occur in the eye or in other parts of the body, such as face or neck, when capillary dilation occurs .
Do not forget that certain corticosteroids can remain several months in the body after a single dose, while others are expelled from the body in a few hours. The doctor should always be in charge of administering the treatment.