The Latin word aequalĭtas He arrived in Spanish as equality . The concept is used to refer to a correspondence , a Balance or one symmetry . You can also refer to the equity or to the accordance .
Gender , meanwhile, it is a term with several uses. In this case we are interested in focusing on its meaning as the set to which a person belongs according to their sex , taking into account sociocultural issues beyond the strictly biological.
The idea of gender equality In this context, it is a principle that argues that women and men should have access to same opportunities and count on the same rights and benefits . In turn, all Humans they have to be treated with identical respect .
Gender equality, in short, points to there is no gender discrimination . Said equality is established by the law in relation to fundamental rights, but often it does not materialize in practice.
In recent years, several countries have made progress towards gender equality in multiple aspects thanks to the struggle of the Feminist movement . Anyway, it is customary for women receive lower salaries than those of men despite performing the same work or who are not able to access certain positions within a company, because they are intended exclusively for men.
In general, gender inequality to the detriment of women is a consequence of macho societies or organized as patriarchy , where power is distributed in favor of mens . This leads to the woman being subordinate or relegated to the man.
The road to gender equality is long and arduous. As mentioned in the previous paragraph, in a society where patriarchy reigns, it is difficult to avoid inequality, because from the government the supreme power is assigned to man. Let us think only of the typical "president and first lady" picture: although the title for a president's husband has also been determined, "first gentleman", given that access to executive power by a woman is so rare Almost no one knows this expression.
If we continue in this context, we will be able to notice another shade of contempt for the woman who shows that the first lady is on a lower step than her husband: a man is often called in this way jokingly, more or less heavy, to attack your masculinity or doubt your relevance in a relationship, among other cases. This is related to the use of the word homosexual and their synonyms to insult someone.
In short, we are quite far from achieving gender equality, but this does not mean that anyone is doing anything about it, but that the change must be profound, it must attack the root of our society . As long as we continue to use the figure of women as a symbol of inferiority to verbally attack men, it will do no good to improve their salaries or offer them more opportunities labor. Giving more space to women in society simply to avoid negative repercussions is just a patch: the solution is to get no one to consider that women are inferior to men.
Gender equality should not stop at this binary distinction, but should open the way to all people, regardless of their sex and sexuality: we should all have the same rights and the same obligations, access the same opportunities. Only technical knowledge, charisma, experience and skill, among other features, should allow us to climb within a hierarchy.