The term exception comes from the Latin word except. This is the name of act and the result of excepting : delete or remove something or someone from what is established by a rule general.
For example: “The contest is open to young people between 15 and 25 years, with the exception of those who have already published a book”, “The situation of this restaurant is no exception: all members of the gastronomic sector are going through a crisis ”, “The product can be found in stores throughout the country, with the exception of the northwest region where we still don't have distributors”.
Exceptions are elements or issues what depart from the most frequent conditions . It could be said, to name one case, that most children like treats. The little ones who do not like sweets, therefore, are an exception.
In the field of politics , is called Exception status to an exceptional regime that establishes a government in certain situations. The characteristics of the state or exception regime depend on each country.
In general, national constitutions allow the declaration of a state of emergency in a situation of war , when sovereignty must be protected or in the context of a crisis with acts of violence that put people's lives at risk. The purpose of the state of exception is to favor the recovery of normal conditions.
For him right An exception is a legal reason that a defendant can claim to render the plaintiff's act ineffective. A peremptory exception it is established in the sentence; a dilatory exception On the other hand, it can be treated and resolved before the substantive decision as it is linked to the admission of the action.
The concept of exception is also often used to point out different questions of the language, both Spanish and others. While a language is built with a base on a large number of rules, it is virtually inevitable that these arise phenomena impossible to group or explain through this logic.
As it happens throughout the learning of any discipline or field of knowledge, internalizing the rules of a language is the best way to learn and master it, since logic occupies less space in our brain than memorized phrases, and we can also use it to check the correctness of each step. our use If we learn to understand the reason for the rules, we enjoy much greater agility when evaluating a text than if we simply remember them. The exceptions, however, usually require the latter technique, and that is why they lead us to make mistakes more frequently.
Let's see below a rule of orthography Spanish and their respective exceptions. In this case, we will focus on comma : It is not correct to place it between the subject and the verb of a sentence, even in cases where the subject is composed of more than one element. The following sentence shows us the correct use of the comma according to the rule just expressed: "Employees who do not validate their time of entry to the office from tomorrow will be suspended for a week without pay"; As can be seen, a comma must not be placed between the words "tomorrow" and "will be", however tempting it may be.
There are two exceptions to this rule: if the subject is an enumeration that ends in an "etcetera" ("The location, the monthly cost, the dimensions, etc., are points to consider before choosing the place"); if we open a subsection attached to the subject ("All these rules, which we have explained on more than one occasion, are mandatory").