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A neighborhood is a subdivision of a city or village, which usually has own identity and whose inhabitants have a sense of belonging . A neighborhood may have been born by an administrative decision of the authorities, by a real estate development (for example, a working class neighborhood created around a factory) or by the simple historical evolution.

The aforementioned sense of membership and the identity of the inhabitants of a neighborhood generate a antagonism with those who belong to another neighborhood. This is how the clubs in each area, for example, are seen as great rivals. In general, neighboring neighborhoods are the ones with the most clashes and those that exacerbate the antagonism.

In many countries , the notion of neighborhood is associated with deprived populations and with precarious housing . In this sense, a neighborhood would be what in Argentina it is known as Misery village , in Brazil as favela or in Uruguay as cantegril , for example.

In Argentina, belonging to a neighborhood is very strong from a cultural point of view. The neighborhood is seen as a tradition space and almost immovable practices, which managed to escape the advance of modernity and globalization. Therefore, the neighbors are proud to belong to one or another neighborhood. Even those who achieve economic success and move from a neighborhood humble to another with a higher socioeconomic status, they usually express their love for their neighborhood of origin and never fail to recognize themselves as part of it.

The neighborhoods usually have cultural centers, also called civic, where various activities for neighbors are proposed, usually at symbolic prices or, often, for free; The most common are language, singing, plastic arts and acting lessons, and are usually taught to groups. In addition, in the case of artistic courses it is normal for samples to be organized every six months or at the end of the year, to gather all the students and give them the opportunity to show their friends and family what they have learned.

Generally said centers and its activities are belittled by those who have access to private classes taught by prestigious teachers; however, many of its participants are really talented and have many tools to make their vocation a career, although they lack enough money to the path of paid lessons. Neither the age nor the economic situation have any relation to the capacity, and it is common for choirs or neighborhood theater groups to see people of a great variety, and the samples are a good opportunity to become known and get contacts to help them achieve your goals.

The fairs neighborhoods, saving regional differences, are events of a very particular wealth, since they provide a large number of people from different backgrounds and professions the opportunity to meet and exchange products and culture. In general, they are characterized by centralizing a group of street markets in a closed plaza or street, where food and handicrafts are sold, and music and dance shows are usually offered.

Another meaning of the term neighborhood, away from the issues organizational and geographical, refers to negative qualities such as ignorance, neglect, lack of vocation and insecurity on public roads, among many others. There are several phrases of derogatory tone that use this word to detract from the subject in question; To say that someone belongs to "the typical neighborhood mob" or that their behavior and way of dressing is "very neighborhood", it certainly has no relation to pride or sense of belonging.

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