Originating in Latin panegyricus (which, in turn, derives from the Greek), panegyric It is a term linked to loas , the praise or the compliments They are dedicated to something or someone. The concept can be used as noun (the words or texts of praise) or as adjective (the qualification that these expressions receive).
The panegyric can pronounce itself to praise a certain territory, and also receive this name some songs of victory and war, and even the prayers and songs that are sung during a wedding or a ritual. The term panegid It has the same origin, and is used to name masses in Russian.
For example: “The governor spent forty minutes pronouncing a panegyric about the minister”, “I am tired of hearing panegyrics about the benefits of this product”, "His last book was a panegyric of the socialist revolution".
It is easy to differentiate between a descriptive text and a panegyric: we must analyze the adjectives used. A text that is limited to describing the characteristics of a construction can indicate expressions like “The large building has three rooms. Its ceiling is red, while its decoration is minimalist ”. A panegyric about it building Instead, it would indicate: “The monumental building, which reflects the brilliant capacity of its talented designer, has three majestic rooms. Its red roof is moved by its beauty, while the minimalist style decoration generates a very deep emotion ”.
Panegyrists, as texts, are often condemned for their lack of critical sense . This kind of manifestations is limited to aggrandize what they praise, leaving aside any nuance or opposite point of view. Panegyrics are common in areas where discussion, exchange of ideas and critical reflection are not frequent, as is the case with totalitarian regimes.
In the center of the panegyric, the virtues and the most relevant events of the object in question, which may be a person, a situation, an event, an event or a place. The parts of this speech are the following: a exordium , which serves to justify the act itself; a demonstration , which allows to develop the story of each virtue; a epilogue , which gives an ephemeral closure to the ephemeris. It should be mentioned that in a panegyric there is no place for refutation.
Among the elements that should be part of a panegyric discourse are the style figures and rhetoric , making use of all kinds of ornaments and tools to amplify the content. It is a speech that is necessarily exaggerated, dramatized, which magnifies the honored object by all means.
Regarding the origin of the word panegyric, it is worth mentioning that the god Apollo, one of the most important in Greco-Roman mythology, was known by this nickname. This term was also used in the theater of Ancient Greece to name a song of triumph or loanza to the god just mentioned. The context of these songs was a coral that used to articulate the works to facilitate the understanding of the history , at the same time to liven up the evening. On the other hand, Panegírico was an ancient Greek god who was associated with the protection of the health of his people.
The ancient Romans used the panegyric term to designate the speech pronounced by the consuls before the emperor after being elected, as a symbol of thanks and to express their admiration and respect. There is a famous panegyric made by Aristides as praise of his Empire, which highlights the admirable discipline of his army, the effectiveness of the system to satisfy his people, the constant development of his cities and the undeniable flourishing of his trade.